[ Pharmaceutical Sciences Asia - ONLINE ]
E-ISSN 2586-8470
[ Journal Abbreviation: Pharm.Sci.Asia ]
Mahidol University Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
  FORMER NAME   "Mahidol University Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences" Published Since 1974


DOI: 10.29090/psa.2021.05.21.023Pharm Sci Asia 2021; 48(5), 402-412

Pathological roles of platelets in inflammatory diseases: The emerging targets for new drug development

Surasak Wichaiyo1,2*, Arnatchai Maiuthed1,2

1 Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
2 Centre of Biopharmaceutical Science for Healthy Ageing, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Platelets, the cytoplasmic fragments of megakaryocytes, play a primary role in hemostasis. In addition, current evidence demonstrates the contribution of platelets in inflammation. Platelet-associated cell surface proteins (e.g. CD40L, P-selectin, GPVI and CLEC-2) and secretory molecules (e.g. PF4 and RANTES) regulate inflammatory response in various conditions, including cardio-cerebrovascular diseases, inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatoid arthritis and infection/sepsis. Anti-platelets and anti-inflammatory drugs have been shown to reduce the expression and/or function of these platelet-derived molecules, in association with the improved clinical outcomes in patients with inflammatory diseases. Moreover, the novel anti-inflammatory agents that act against platelet-specific targets have been being developed, which might be a potential therapeutic approach in thrombo-inflammatory diseases.


Platelets, CD40L, P-selectin, Platelet-derived chemokines, ITAM-associated receptors

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