[ Pharmaceutical Sciences Asia - ONLINE ]
E-ISSN 2586-8470
[ Journal Abbreviation: Pharm.Sci.Asia ]
Mahidol University Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
  FORMER NAME   "Mahidol University Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences" Published Since 1974


DOI: 10.29090/psa.2021.03.19.026Pharm Sci Asia 2021; 48(3), 285-290

Health burden of overweight and obesity: Mortality and years of life lost (YLL) of diseases in Indonesia

Susi Ari Kristina1*, Abdillah Ahsan2, Faradiba Faradiba1, Shahiroh Haulaini1

1 Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
2 Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

High prevalence of obesity increased burden from non- communicable diseases. Our study aimed to estimate the number of death and years of life lost (YLL) diseases related to obesity. The Obesity attributable fraction (OAF) was used to estimate the proportion of each comorbidity attributable to obesity. The number of deaths attributable to obesity was estimated by multiplying the number of patients in each disease category and the OAF. The YLL was calculated by the number of years remaining life and the number of deaths due to overweight and obesity. The mortality attributable to overweight and obesity was estimated at 2,264,593 and 1,414,670 respectively, with the proportions of woman death were 60% and 72% of total death due to overweight and obese respectively. The YLL attributable to overweight and obesity was estimated at 67 million and 42 million person-years respectively. Diabetes mellitus and ischemic heart disease were two highest burdens both in the number of death and YLL. Obesity imposes a substantial health burden on Indonesian society especially in term of health burden. In view of a magnitude of the impact of obesity, there is a need for both further research and action at the level of health policy


Obesity, attributable fraction, non-communicable diseases, mortality

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