[ Pharmaceutical Sciences Asia - ONLINE ]
Print ISSN 2586-8195 E-ISSN 2586-8470
[ Journal Abbreviation: Pharm.Sci.Asia ]
Mahidol University Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
  FORMER NAME   "Mahidol University Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences" Published Since 1974

 
Abstracts

DOI: 10.29090/psa.2021.03.20.056Pharm Sci Asia 2021; 48(3), 224-230
 

Effect of propolis on maternal toxicity

Al Mukhlas Fikri1,2, Ahmad Sulaeman1*, Sri Anna Marliyati1, Mokhamad Fahrudin3, Ekowati Handharyani4

1 Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia
2 Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Singaperbangsa Karawang, Karawang, Indonesia
3 Department of Anatomy, Physiology, and Pharmacology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia
4 Department of Veterinary Clinic Reproduction and Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia


Propolis is a natural product that has been extensively used to treat several diseases. However, the safety evaluation of propolis on maternal toxicity has not been reported. This study was aimed to analyze the effect of propolis administration during pregnancy on the function of maternal liver and kidney. A total of 25 pregnant mice were equally divided into five groups (n ≥ 5): control group (Tween 80 1%); low-dose (380 mg/kg b.w) and high-dose (1400 mg/kg b.w) of ethanol extract of propolis from South Sulawesi; low- dose (380 mg/kg b.w) and high-dose (1400 mg/kg b.w) of water extract of propolis from Banten. Propolis was administered for 18 days of gestation. Maternal weight, serum ALT, AST, urea, creatinine and the histopathological changes of liver and kidney were analyzed to determine maternal liver and kidney function. The result showed that neither ethanol extract of propolis from South Sulawesi nor water extract of propolis from Banten at low and high dose decreased maternal weight gain. No significant alteration was found in the serum ALT, AST, urea and creatinine between all groups. In addition, the present study found no specific histopathological changes of liver and kidney in all groups. This study concludes that propolis administration during pregnancy is relatively safe for mothers.


Keyword:

Indonesian propolis; Pregnancy; Stingless bee




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Vol.48
No.3
May - June 2021

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Vol.48
No.2
March - April 2021

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Vol.48
No.1
January - February 2021

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