[ Pharmaceutical Sciences Asia - ONLINE ]
E-ISSN 2586-8470
[ Journal Abbreviation: Pharm.Sci.Asia ]
Mahidol University Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
  FORMER NAME   "Mahidol University Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences" Published Since 1974


DOI: 10.29090/psa.2023.02.22.354Pharm Sci Asia 2023; 50(2), 88-99

Vitamin D status of healthy childbearing age women in South Asia: A pooled analysis of community-based studies

Siyumi Hasara Jayathilaka1, Deepthi Inoka Uluwaduge2*

1 Ayurveda Research Hospital, Medawachchiya, Sri Lanka
2 Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Nugegoda, Sri Lanka

Hypovitaminosis D (Vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency) is a major public health problem globally. A high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and vitamin D insufficiency (VDI) has been noted in South Asian (SA) women of childbearing age despite the abundant sunshine. Therefore, this study aimed to systematically review the existing data from population-based studies in this region to summate the magnitude of the problem. Articles published and reported prevalence of VDD/VDI in eight South Asian countries during period of 2010-2020 were searched and screened from PUBMED and Google Scholar using PRISMA guidelines. The study population was healthy women of childbearing age (18-45 years) and included pregnant and non-pregnant women. Fourteen population-based studies were found from SA countries India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal. No studies were available from Afghanistan, Bhutan, and Maldives pertaining to the searched period. Participant groups were from diverse socioeconomic and cultural backgrounds. The prevalence ranged from 61.5% from Pakistan to 100% from Bangladesh. This systematic review reported a significantly higher prevalence of hypovitaminosis D among SA women of childbearing age. Inadequate sun exposure, lack of consumption of good vitamin D food sources due to either illiteracy or economic constrains has been regarded as potential determinants of hypovitaminosis D among participants. The findings of this study would help pertinent stake holders to prepare suitable national level programs to enhance the Vitamin D status of women of childbearing age.


Vitamin D deficiency, Vitamin D insufficiency, South Asia, Females

Download full paper (PDF File size: 963.85 KB.)

Download supporting file (PDF File size: 36.44 KB.)

October-December 2023

See other volume


July-September 2023

See other volume


April-June 2023

See other volume


January-March 2023

See other volume


Aims and Scope
Editorial Board
Publication Ethics
Instruction to Authors
All Volumes & Issues
Submit Online
Contact us
Faculty of Pharmacy Mahidol University
Mahidol University

Pharmaceutical Sciences Asia by Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, Thailand is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

    Copyright © 2017-2024
    Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, THAILAND

We use Cookies

This site uses cookies to personalise your experience and analyse site traffic. By Clicking ACCEPT or continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.