[ Pharmaceutical Sciences Asia - ONLINE ]
E-ISSN 2586-8470
[ Journal Abbreviation: Pharm.Sci.Asia ]
Mahidol University Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
  FORMER NAME   "Mahidol University Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences" Published Since 1974


DOI: 10.29090/psa.2022.02.21.129Pharm Sci Asia 2022; 49(2), 169-179

Exploring the role of community pharmacists in preventing the onsite infection during COVID-19 pandemic

Noor Raouf Al-Hasani1*, Dheyaa JabbarKadhim2, Ali Azeez Al-Jumaili2,3

1 Department of Basic Sciences, College of Dentistry, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
2 University of Baghdad, College of Pharmacy, Baghdad, Iraq
3 University of Iowa, College of Pharmacy, Iowa City, IA, USA

This study aimed to evaluate the preparedness and adherence of community pharmacists to the International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) Health Advisory COVID-19 guidelines for pharmacists (July 2020) during COVID-19 pandemic. This was a cross-sectionalstudy based on electronic survey using google form, which was distributed from November 19, 2020 to January 1, 2021 using social media platforms. The survey measured 21 pharmacy preventive measures (PM). A multivariate regression analysis was used to identify factors influencing pharmacy implementing of PM. Hand disinfection after serving patients represented the main adopted measure (89.3%). Surprisingly, only 35.4% of participants implemented the proper ways of hand disinfection during face mask handling and 35.4% could not recognize the purpose behind medical mask uses. Significant (p-value<0.05) positive association with pharmacy adoption of PM during COVID-19 was recorded for high influx of patients into pharmacy and working for extended hours, while inadequate information of pharmacists about COVID-19 (which represented the main difficulty that down regulated the adoption of PM in pharmacies) had significant negative association. This study revealed suboptimal implementation of the PM in community pharmacies, and a gap in the pharmacists’ knowledge about safety protocols to limit COVID-19 transmissions in the pharmacies. Official health organizations might need to develop a national guideline for community pharmacies to enhance the pharmacists’ and patient safety during COVID-19 pandemic.


COVID-19, Community pharmacist, Iraq, Preventive measures, FIP Guidelines

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