[ Pharmaceutical Sciences Asia - ONLINE ]
Print ISSN 2586-8195 E-ISSN 2586-8470
[ Journal Abbreviation: Pharm.Sci.Asia ]
Mahidol University Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
  FORMER NAME   "Mahidol University Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences" Published Since 1974


DOI: 10.29090/psa.2020.04.019.0055Pharm Sci Asia 2020; 47(4), 399-408

Economic burden of pneumonia, sepsis and meningitis among children aged up to 5 years old at a tertiary care hospital in Thailand: an input for economic evaluation of vaccination

Arthorn Riewpaiboon1*, Vimonkarn Sirisuksan1,2, Supattra Rungmaitree3, Kulkanya Chokephaibulkit3

1 Division of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
2 Department of Pharmacy, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
3 Department of Pediatrics, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis are three of the main causes of hospitalization and mortality, particularly in children under 5 years old. The economic burden associated with these illnesses is important for health policy, planning, and management. We investigated the cost of pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis in hospitalized children younger than 5 years of age at a tertiary public hospital. The study was designed as an incidence-based cost of illness study from a societal perspective. Data were collected from medical records and prospective interviews from October to November 2014. Forty patients were included, comprising patients with pneumonia (35 cases), sepsis (3 cases), and meningitis (2 cases). The mean total costs (SD) of illness per episode were US $1,945 (2,628), US $3,489 (2,757), and US $4,855 (28,360) for pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis, respectively. High economic burden of pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis in children was found. These data could help policymakers evaluate the cost-effectiveness of vaccination strategies against these illnesses.


Children, Cost of illness, Meningitis, Pneumonia, Sepsis, Thailand

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