[ Pharmaceutical Sciences Asia - ONLINE ]
Print ISSN 2586-8195 E-ISSN 2586-8470
[ Journal Abbreviation: Pharm.Sci.Asia ]
Mahidol University Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
  FORMER NAME   "Mahidol University Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences" Published Since 1974


Pharm Sci Asia ; 40(2),

Statistical Optimization of Mesalamine Coated Pellets for Possible Ileo–cecal Targeting

H. H. Gangurde*, M. A. Chordiya, S. Tamizharasi, and T. Sivakumar


The present study is an attempt to design and optimized mesalamine loaded pulsatile release pH sensitive coated pellets for ileo-cecal targeted pulsatile drug delivery. The novelty of this formulation is to release drug specifically and instantly in ileo-cecal region without being released in upper gastrointestinal tract. Preliminary experimental batches are studied for micromeritic properties and in vitro drug release. Formulation showed desirable lag time and dissolution profile were further optimized by applying 32 full factorial design to study the effect of extent of coating (% w/w) Eudragit S100 and Croscarmellose sodium over drug layered pellets selected as independent variables X1 and X2 respectively and two responses as lag time of 5h and 90% drug release within 90 minutes after lag time as Y1 and Y2 respectively. Various kinetic models such as Zero order, First order, Higuchi Matrix, Korsmeyer & Peppas were applied to the all optimized batches. The regression equation generated for Q300 = +5.72-31.97*A+0.82*B-0.49*A*B+26.36*A2-0.15*B2 and for Q390 = +84.63-40.09*A+4.62*B. The drug release data of optimized formulation were close to that predicted by the model. The formulation containing 35.22%w/w Eudragit S100 and 4.00%w/w Croscarmellose sodium was found to be optimum. Formulation of barium sulphate layered and optimized coated pellets studied for radio imaging study showed significant lag time of 5 hr and barium sulphate releases successfully in ileo-cecal region. The present study demonstrates that the mesalamine enteric coated pellets could be successfully targeted at ileo-cecal region.


Mesalamine, Pulsatile, Ileo-cecal targeting, Celpheres, Croscarmellose sodium, Eudragit S100

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