[ Pharmaceutical Sciences Asia - ONLINE ]
Print ISSN 2586-8195 E-ISSN 2586-8470
[ Journal Abbreviation: Pharm.Sci.Asia ]
Mahidol University Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
  FORMER NAME   "Mahidol University Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences" Published Since 1974

 
Abstracts

DOI: 10.29090/psa.2019.04.018.0027Pharm Sci Asia 2019; 46(4), 260-269
 

Economic burden of Thai patients with inflammatory demyelinating central nervous system disorders (IDCDs)

Chalakorn Chanatittarat1, Usa Chaikledkaew1*, Naraporn Prayoonwiwat2, Sasitorn Siritho2,3, Pakamas Pasogpakdee4, Metha Apiwattanakul5, Arthorn Riewpaiboon1, Montarat Thavorncharoensap1

1 Social and Administrative Pharmacy Excellence Research (SAPER) Unit, Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, 447, SriAyudhaya Rd., Phaya Thai, Ratchathewi, Bangkok, Thailand 10400
2 Division of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, 2, Wanglang Rd., Bangkoknoi, Bangkok, Thailand 10700
3 Bumrungrad International Hospital, 33, Sukhumvit 3, Wattana, Bangkok, Thailand 10110
4 Sriphat Medical Center, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Suthep Rd., Suthep, Mueang, Chiang Mai, Thailand 52000
5 Division of Neurology, Prasat Neurological Institute, Bangkok, 312, Ratchawithi Rd., Phaya Thai, Ratchathewi, Bangkok Thailand 10400


The economic impact has never been explored among Thai patients with inflammatory demyelinating central nervous system disorders. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate economic burden of Thai patients with inflammatory demyelinating central nervous system disorders i.e., clinical isolated syndrome (CIS), multiple sclerosis (MS), and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) based on a societal perspective using prevalence-based approach. Data on direct medical cost were retrospectively retrieved from an electronic health record database of the patients receiving care in three specialized clinics for MS and related disorders. Data on direct non-medical and indirect costs were collected from face to face interviews using developed data collection forms. All expenses were adjusted to the 2017 year value using consumer price index. The descriptive statistical analysis was undertaken. Direct medical cost was the highest proportion (58%) of total annual average cost of MS, CIS and NMOSD patients. The annual average direct non-medical cost of all patients was 1,969±3,187 USD and informal care cost was the largest portion (56%). The total economic burden of patients with inflammatory demyelinating central nervous system disorders in Thailand was 6,287,000 USD, which NMOSD (3,447,000 USD) consumed the highest cost compared with MS (2,390,000 USD) and CIS (450,000 USD). This study demonstrated the high economic burden of patients with inflammatory demyelinating central nervous system disorders in Thailand. This would be a useful evidence which requires attention from policy makers in Thailand.


Keyword:

Economic burden, Thailand, Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders, Multiple sclerosis, Clinical isolated syndrome




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Vol.46
No.4
October - December 2019

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Vol.46
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July - September 2019

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Vol.46
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April - June 2019

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Vol.46
No.1
January - March 2019

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